Osmotic Fragility Test In Gurgaon

Osmotic Fragility Test In Gurgaon

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The osmotic fragility test in Gurgaon is one of the most reliable tests to check the health of the red blood cells that are produced in the body. The test, as the name suggests, is done to understand if there is a likelihood that the person’s red blood cells will undergo breakdowns that are not due to a natural cause. Certain hereditary conditions call for the osmotic fragility test.

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About Osmotic Fragility Test

Why is the Osmotic Fragility Test done?

The red blood cells help the body function properly. They transport oxygen to cells, collect the waste materials and pass them on to the excretory systems and help maintain the overall well-being of the body.

When these red blood cells are fragile and break down easily (a condition known as hemolysis), they cause several disorders. Often genetic disorders like Spherocytosis or Thalassemia diagnosis are conducted via the process of osmotic fragility test. While both the conditions differ, they both have a common factor—both give rise to hemolytic anemia.

The test is usually prescribed when the patient shows the following symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Chest pains
  • Weakness
  • Irregular breathing
  • Skin becoming pale or taking up a yellowish tinge

People suffering from anemia too are prescribed to opt for the osmotic fragility test to understand the exact causal effect for the patient to become anemic. This further helps the doctors to prescribe further tests for proper detection.

What does the Osmotic Fragility Test measure?

The osmotic fragility test subjects the blood sample to stress by adding the samples to solutions with different salinity levels. At low salinity, normal cells remain intact while fragile cells rupture. Once this is confirmed, further tests to identify if the person is suffering from thalassemia or spherocytosis is requested.

Potential risks/side effects associated with the Osmotic Fragility Test

The test requies collection of blood from the patient. While the sample collectionprocess can be painless, there are certain side effects that an already anemic perosn might feel. These include:

  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue

Often resting can help alleviate the symptoms.



Why should you choose Flebo.in's home collection services?

Flebo.in takes its oath to place customers first very seriously. Their certified and vaccinated team of phlebotomists are punctual and have never been late to the collection spot. To further ensure accurate and timely report generation and delivery, the samples collected are dropped at the nearest lab. This is done by a guided peer-to-peer platform. The cold-chain logistics further ensures that the samples are not damaged due to heat.

Flebo.in provides reliable, secure, and accurate results and their home collection service is punctual and effortless. Visit their website to know more and book an erythropoietin test with ease.




What is Spherocytosis?

Spherocytosis or hereditary spherocytosis is a hereditary condition that causes the red blood cells to become fragile. This condition is due to the mutation of at least five genes and the symptoms are anemia, enlarged spleen, and jaundice. The underlying cause behind the fragility of the red blood cells is that the mutations caused by spherocytosis make the RBC cell membrane rigid and that decreases its flexibility, causing it to break apart easily. Affected newborns show signs of severe anemia from birth.


What is thalassemia?

Thalassemia is another hereditary condition where the DNA that forms the red blood cells is affected. This condition is due to the body not producing enough hemoglobin to help the formation of red blood cells thereby causing low oxygen saturation in the blood. People with thalassemia shows signs of anemia along with breathing difficulties. While mild thalassemia is manageable, the severe form would require constant monitoring.

Is fasting required?

Since the samples are subjected to saline solutions, there is no need to fast prior to the testing. But, if the patient is under any medication then they should consult the doctor to know if the medicines will affect their results.

Interpreting the Osmotic Fragility Test results

Interpreting the Osmotic Fragility Test results

With osmotic fragility, the test results can either be negative or positive. If the lab result comes back as negative, the patient is not suffering from any conditions that are related to anemia due to red blood cells. A positive result means that the cells are not strong and flexible enough and further tests to ensure the exact cause are suggested.

For a person showing signs of anemia, if the results a re normal for osmotic fragility, then otherconditions like deficiencies should be tested for.

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