Diabetes screening test is done to determine if you have diabetes, a condition which affects blood glucose levels.
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There are two tests under the diabetes tests, glycosylated hemoglobin test and the glucose-fasting blood test. Both of these help in diagnosing diabetes.
Hemoglobin is a protein present in the red blood cells. It is responsible for transporting oxygen to our organs and tissues. Hemoglobin has different types. Hemoglobin A is the most common. An increase in the blood sugar levels leads the glucose to bind to Hemoglobin A (this is called glycosylation or glycation). This continues for the RBC’s total lifespan (120 days). Larger amount of glucose in the blood will lead to more binding to Hemoglobin A.
The most common type of glycated hemoglobin is Hemoglobin A1c, which is removed and replaced by non-glycosylated hemoglobin. HbA1c levels in the blood signify our blood glucose levels, which, in turn, help in diagnosing diabetes and in measuring the efficacy of the treatment being given for reducing blood sugar.
There are no side effects associated with the diabetes screening test. However, for a few days, you might feel some pain in the area from where the blood was taken using a needle.
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The diabetes screening test can be done for those who are overweight and not physically active, have high cholesterol or high blood pressure, or have the disease or heart problems running in their family. Those who are above the age of 45 are advised to undergo the screening test every 3 years.
If you are experiencing symptoms such as an increased hunger and thirst, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination, tingling in your hands or feet, fatigue, blurred vision, etc, you can also go for the diabetes screening test.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is also a risk factor for developing diabetes.
For 8-12 hours before your diabetes screening test, you should not intake anything, except water.
The diabetes screening test involves taking a blood sample from a vein located in your arm. A syringe is used for the same. The area from where the blood would be taken would first be cleaned with an antiseptic solution. Once the blood sample has been collected, it will be sent to the laboratory.
Glycosylated Hb: Below 5.7%
Fasting Blood Sugar: 70-100 mg/dl
Glycosylated hemoglobin levels are mentioned in the table below:
|Normal||less than 5.7%||Normal blood sugar levels.|
|Prediabetic||5.7% – 6.4%||Risk of developing diabetes is prevalent.|
|Diabetic||More than 6.5%||You might be having diabetes.|
Fasting blood sugar levels are mentioned in the table below:
|Normal||70 to 99 mg/dL|
|Prediabetes||99 to 126 mg/dL|
|Diabetic||More than 126 mg/dL|
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