A peripheral smear test involves the checking of a blood sample on a specially prepared slide using a microscope. The size, shape, and number of different types of blood cells are examined in a blood smear test. This test is also known as the peripheral blood smear (PBS), peripheral blood film, smear, blood film, manual differential, differential slide, blood cell morphology, and blood smear analysis.
Read further to know more about the peripheral smear test in Delhi, including its test price and cost, procedure, side effects, etc.
A complete blood count (CBC) checks different components of your blood. If you have symptoms of a blood disorder or if your CBC test reports are abnormal, your doctor may also request a blood smear. Among these signs are:
You can also go for the peripheral smear test if you have malaria. When a blood smear is examined under a microscope, parasites may be visible.
The peripheral smear test measures:
There are usually no side effects or risks associated with a peripheral smear test. However, you might feel some pain for a few days in the area from where the blood will be taken using a needle. You can cover the same area with a bandaid to prevent infections from developing.
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A blood smear can be performed:
to examine the abnormalities found on a complete blood count (CBC), including high or low red blood cell count, white blood cell count, or platelet count.
to check an infection (the types of white blood cells present can tell us whether an infection is viral, bacterial, or parasitic).
to determine the reasons for unexplained jaundice and weight loss, spleen, liver, or lymph node enlargement, paleness, petechiae, bruising, or excessive bleeding in those having a low platelet count.
No special preparation is required for the peripheral smear test. However, if your doctor has advised further blood tests, you may be required to fast for several hours before the test.
The peripheral smear test is performed by collecting your blood sample from a vein using an injection. In the case of a newborn, the sample might be collected from the heel. The area from where the blood would be withdrawn would be first cleaned using some alcohol. You can later cover it with a gauze pad. The peripheral test can be done either at a hospital, laboratory, or clinic. Home collection services are also available.
Your peripheral smear results will check for abnormality in your blood cells. Red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets will all have their respective results.
If your red blood cell findings are abnormal, it could be due to the following:
If your white blood cell count is abnormal, it could be due to the following:
If your platelet results are abnormal, you might have thrombocytopenia (having lower than normal platelet count).
If any of your blood smear results are abnormal, your doctor may prescribe more tests to confirm the diagnosis.
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