A serum chloride test is part of the basic metabolic panel that checks the level of electrolytes present in the blood. A chloride test in Delhi checks for the chloride level that is present in the blood sample. This test is often suggested to be taken on a routine basis, especially for people who suffer from high blood pressure or kidney diseases.
Electrically charged minerals or electrolytes help keep the balance between many bodily functions. Chloride is an electrolyte that helps balance the acid and base concentration in the body. A chloride test is often suggested when the doctors suspect abnormal functioning of the kidneys or issues related to blood pressure. Chloride also aids the fluid movement in the cells.
When an imbalance of chloride electrolytes occurs in the body, the patient might feel or show the following symptoms:
As part of general blood and electrolyte tests, a chloride test is usually ordered when patients complain of high blood pressure or signs of cholesterol formation are seen in the person. Problems with the nervous system can also indicate an imbalance in the chloride levels in the body. For the body to function properly, a daily intake of 3 gm of chloride is prescribed by healthcare providers.
The chloride test also helps ascertain diseases associated with the kidneys, liver, or heart. The level of chloride in the body should remain within the range to ensure the functions associated with it are properly regulated. Both conditions of high chloride levels in the blood or low chloride levels are indicative of diseases or imbalances within the body.
The collection of samples for a chloride test in is done via taking blood from a vein. Apart from a general sense of being pricked, there are no serious risks associated with opting for the chloride test. People suffering from anemia might feel dizziness and nausea after the samples are taken, but no serious side effects are recorded.
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There are certain prescribed medications, like those for glaucoma, that can cause a rise in chloride in the blood. People using estrogen or cortisone will also see a rise in chloride concentration.
Yes. Since chloride is an electrolyte that also controls the functioning of the nerve cells, any medication that works on the nervous system will affect the chloride levels in the body.
Hypochloremia can be caused due to loss of bodily fluids, which, in turn, can be caused due to excessive vomiting, diarrhea, sweating or high fever. It can also occur due to excessive consumption of drugs such as Bicarbonate, Corticosteroids, Diuretics, or Laxatives.
When a chloride test is prescribed, the doctors are going to ascertain the immediate cause of the discomfort felt by the patient. Once the lab results are in, they will check the levels present and also if the concentration falls within the range considered normal.
The normal range for chloride concentration in the body is between 96 mEq/l (milliequivalents per liter) to 106 mQEq/l. When the concentration is higher than normal, the condition is known as hyperchloremia. When the concentration is lower than normal, the condition is known as hypochloremia.
|Serum Chloride Test Reading
(milliequivalents per liter)
|96 mEq/l – 106mQEq/l||NORMAL/ Manageable|
Hyperchloremia is an indication of:
Hypochloremia is an indication of:
The levels of chloride in the blood can also be affected by certain medications or the amount of fluid the body has at the time the sample was collected. A general fluctuation, but within the range, of chloride levels, is not considered to be an indication of any disease.
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