Electrolytes should be present in our body in sufficient amounts. Some of the food sources of electrolytes include milk, yogurt, soymilk, squash, cheese, green leafy vegetables, pickles, coconut water, celery, etc.
A serum electrolytes test is used to check for an electrolyte imbalance.
Read further to know more about the serum electrolytes test in Delhi, including its price and cost, preparation, side effects, understanding test results, etc.
The serum electrolytes test is done if you experience the following symptoms:
Do get tested immediately if any of these symptoms persist, since electrolyte balance can cause serious problems.
The electrolytes test is used for measuring the amounts of sodium, potassium, and chloride present in the blood.
There are usually no side effects or risks associated with a serum electrolytes test. However, you might feel some pain for a few days in the area from where the blood will be taken using a needle.
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Electrolytes are essential minerals present in our blood, urine, tissues, and other body fluids.
These are electrically charged particles responsible for moving various nutrients in and out of the cells. Other functions of electrolytes include regulating our body’s water balance and acid/base (pH) level.
They also play a vital role in several biological processes, such as cardiac and skeletal muscle contraction and nerve conduction.
A number of tests are a part of the serum electrolyte test and help in examining the levels of sodium, potassium, and chloride in our body. We get these electrolytes from the food and drinks that we consume. The processes of reabsorption and urine elimination by the kidneys help in the maintenance of electrolyte balance.
The serum electrolytes tests can be performed:
No preparations are required for the serum electrolytes test. However, before the test, do inform your doctor about any medicines that you are taking.
The serum electrolytes test is used for detecting electrolyte imbalance and acid-base abnormalities, especially in those who are hospitalized and are getting treated for various acute and chronic disorders.
The reference range for the tests used in the serum electrolytes test is mentioned in the table below:
|SERUM ELECTROLYTES TEST||NORMAL RANGE||UNITS|
Low sodium levels (hyponatremia) are a result of excessive salt loss and can occur due to various reasons, such as diarrhea, vomiting, heavy sweating, heart failure, renal illness, etc.
On the other hand, high sodium levels (hypernatremia) are caused due to dehydration.
Hypokalemia (low potassium levels) occurs due to diarrhea and vomiting.
Hyperkalemia (high potassium levels) occurs due to renal illness, Addison’s disease, and dehydration.
Low chloride levels (hypochloremia) are caused due to Cushing’s syndrome or congestive heart failure.
High chloride levels (hyperchloremia) are caused by dehydration and renal illness.
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