Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate test (ESR test), also known as a sedimentation rate or SED rate test, is used for diagnosing organic illnesses or to check the development of diseases.
Read further to know about the ESR test in Gurgaon, including its price and cost, procedure, side effects, test result interpretation, etc.
ESR test is done if you experience the following symptoms:
The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR or SED rate) is used to check inflammation in the body by scrutinizing the speed at which erythrocytes (red blood cells) descend or sediment in a collected blood sample that has been kept in a test tube. Certain proteins known as acute-phase reactants help the red blood cells in descending at a fast pace. The amount of plasma that is deposited at the top of the test tube after an hour helps us to determine the ESR test results.
Inflammation elevates the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen in the blood. It is a part of our immune system’s response to a shock, injury, or infection, or even to autoimmune illnesses or cancer.
The ESR blood test is vital, as it can help in letting us know if we have an inflammatory condition.
There are no side effects associated with the ESR test. However, for a few days, you may experience some pain in the venipuncture site.
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An ESR test is performed to monitor how certain diseases are developing. The impact of therapy on these diseases can also be tracked using an ESR test. Some of these diseases include:
The ESR test is performed by taking a blood sample from a vein using an injection needle. This sample is then sent to a laboratory for examination and kept in a vertical test tube. The red blood cells gradually settle at the bottom of the test tube, while a clear, yellow color fluid called blood plasma, is left at the top of the test tube. The amount of plasma deposited at the top of the tube after an hour will determine the ESR test’s outcome. The rate of change is measured in millimeters per hour (mm/hr).
|Gender and Age||ESR (mm/hr)|
|Males < 50||0 to 15|
|Males > 50||0 to 20|
|Females < 50||0 to 20|
|Female> 50||0 to 30|
High levels of ESR are found if you have the following conditions:
Decreased levels of ESR are usually seen in the following conditions:
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