TLC stands for total leukocyte count & DLC stands for differential leukocyte count. Tests are available for the same.
Leukocytes are also called white blood cells (WBCs) and help our immune system in fighting several diseases. These are of five types: neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes. A chronic ailment which may require urgent attention can be signified by an endless rise in the levels of WBCs.
Read further to know more about the TLC and DLC test in Gurgaon, including test price and cost, preparation, understanding test results, etc.
The TLC & DLC tests are done:
The total leukocyte count (TLC) provides us the total number of white blood cells (WBCs) present in a given volume of blood.
On the other hand, the percentage of different types of WBCs is measured by the differential leukocyte count (DLC).
No side effects are associated with a TLC and DLC test, although, for a few days, some pain might be felt in the area from where the blood is taken using a needle.
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Choose from a wide range of certified labs which undergo regular audits to ensure accuracy. Delay in reporting of your test result, without prior information, entitles you for a refund. Your Flebo.in account maintains the history of your test reports, irrespective of the chosen lab.
Our Phlebotomists are trained and qualified under a unique program designed by industry experts, who use FDA approved pre-analytical consumables for sampling.
Customer satisfaction is our utmost priority, and a Phlebotomist from Flebo.in will guarantee you:
Punctuality – Sample collection at your chosen time
Attentiveness – Concerned to handle your pre-test anxiety
Safety – Ensuring proper hygiene during the visit
Skillfulness – Certificate shared with you before the visit
No preparations are required for the TLC and DLC test. However, before the test, do inform your doctor about any medications you are currently taking.
TLC and DLC test is done by withdrawing a blood sample from your vein through the use of a needle. It can be performed at a preferred clinic, hospital, or a laboratory. Home test sample collection facilities are also available.
The TLC and DLC test can be done if a person is experiencing the following symptoms:
The reference range for the TLC & DLC test is given below:
Different factors are responsible for determining the normal range of leukocyte count, including age, gender, health state, history of previous ailments, vaccines, etc. The range also may vary among different laboratories.
WBC count in the blood can be influenced by various ailments, such as immune system disorders, autoimmune conditions, cancer, etc. In some instances, more than one type of the white blood cell may be present in abnormal amounts.
Differential leukocyte count is used for diagnosing different diseases in the body. Further tests might be done to confirm the DLC test results and also to provide therapy.
Leukocytosis refers to an elevation in TLC by more than 10,000/cu mm.
Leucopenia refers to a decrease in TLC by less than 4,000/cu mm.
Leukocytosis can be caused due to:
Inflammatory conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis; allergies; different types of cancer, including leukemia and myeloproliferative neoplasm.
Conditions that lead to necrosis (tissue death), including severe burns, trauma, surgery, etc.
Smoking, doing excessive exercise, pregnancy, intaking drugs like corticosteroids, epinephrine, heparin, lithium, etc.
Leukopenia can be caused due to:
Myelo suppression as a result of poisons, radiation, or chemotherapy.
Bone marrow problems that restrain the production of leukocytes, including myelodysplastic syndrome, deficiency of vitamin B12, etc.
Decreased levels of neutrophil, commonly known as neutropenia, can occur during aplastic anemia, autoimmune disorders, drug reactions, or chemotherapy.
Increased levels of neutrophil, commonly known as neutrophilia, can occur during acute bacterial infections, inflammation, and burns.
Decreased levels of lymphocytes, commonly known as lymphopenia, can occur during bone marrow damage, aplastic anemia, autoimmune disorders.
Increased levels of lymphocytosis, commonly known as lymphopenia, can occur during acute viral infections, tuberculosis, lymphocytic leukemia.
Decreased levels of monocytes are rare to be found.
Increased levels of monocytes, commonly known as monocytosis, can occur during chronic infections like tuberculosis, bacterial endocarditis, collagen vascular disorders, and inflammatory bowel diseases.
Decreased levels of eosinophil are rare to be found.
Increased levels of eosinophil, commonly known as eosinophilia, can occur during asthma, allergies, drug reactions, and parasitic infections.
Decreased levels of basophil are rare to be found.
Increased levels of basophil, commonly known as basophilia, can occur during chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).
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