DLC refers to the differential leukocyte count test.
Leukocytes, also known as white blood cells (WBCs), are an integral part of our immune system. WBCs are classified into five kinds: neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes and lymphocytes. All of them have their own specific functions.
Elevated levels of white blood cells can denote the presence of chronic illness that might require a proper treatment.
Read further to know more about the DLC test in Delhi, including its cost and price, preparation, interpreting test result, etc.
The DLC test is done:
The differential leukocyte count (DLC) measures the percentage of different types of WBCs.
There are no risks associated with the DLC test. However, in rare cases, hematoma might occur, since it is a blood test.
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No specific preparations are required for the DLC test. However, before the test, do inform your doctor about the medicines that you are taking.
The DLC test is a blood test, which means a sample of blood will be withdrawn from your arm using a syringe. The area from where the blood is taken would first be cleaned using an antiseptic. You may be requested to clench your fist tightly so that the sample collection process becomes easier. The collected blood sample will be sent to the laboratory.
The results of the DLC test are usually available within 24 hours.
Decreased levels of neutrophil, commonly known as neutropenia, can occur during aplastic anemia, autoimmune disorders, drug reactions, or chemotherapy.
Increased levels of neutrophil, commonly known as neutrophilia, can occur during acute bacterial infections, inflammation, and burns.
Decreased levels of lymphocytes, commonly known as lymphopenia, can occur during bone marrow damage, aplastic anemia, autoimmune disorders.
Increased levels of lymphocytes, commonly known as lymphocytosis, can occur during acute viral infections, tuberculosis, lymphocytic leukemia.
Decreased levels of monocytes are rare to be found.
Increased levels of monocytes, commonly known as monocytosis, can occur during chronic infections like tuberculosis, bacterial endocarditis, collagen vascular disorders, and inflammatory bowel diseases.
Decreased levels of eosinophil are rare to be found.
Increased levels of eosinophil, commonly known as eosinophilia, can occur during asthma, allergies, drug reactions, and parasitic infections.
Decreased levels of basophil are rare to be found.
Increased levels of basophil, commonly known as basophilia, can occur during chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).
The reference range for the DLC test is given below:
Different factors are responsible for determining the normal range of leukocyte count, including age, gender, health state, history of previous ailments, vaccines, etc. The range also may vary among different laboratories.
WBC count in the blood can be influenced by various ailments, such as immune system disorders, autoimmune conditions, cancer, etc. In some instances, more than one type of the white blood cell may be present in abnormal amounts.
Differential leukocyte count test is used for diagnosing different diseases in the body. Further tests might be done to confirm the DLC test results and also to provide therapy.
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