The hepatitis B surface antigen test (HBsAg test) is used to check whether or not someone has the hepatitis B virus. It is a blood test. You can go for the HBsAG test if you donate blood and semen, are pregnant, abuse drugs, are an organ donor or recipient, etc.
Read further to explore more about the HBsAg test in Delhi, including HBsAg test price, preparation, side effects, results, etc.
The HBsAg test can be used to diagnose the hepatitis B virus. Usually, people who have got infected with the chronic hepatitis B infection experience no symptoms. Others, who have been diagnosed with acute hepatitis B may develop symptoms 2 to 5 months after being exposed to the virus.
These signs and symptoms may include:
Thus, if you experience the above mentioned symptoms, your doctor may advise you to go for the HBsAg test.
The HBsAg test measures the amount of hepatitis B surface antigen present in a blood sample. This test and the hepatitis B virus DNA (HBV DNA) testing are used by the doctors to check the progress of the peginterferon alfa-2a therapy. If effective, the therapy may be stopped after 24 weeks.
No side effects are associated with the HBsAG test. However, you may experience some pain in the area from where the blood is taken, which can last for a few days.
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Hepatitis B is caused by the hepatitis B virus. It can lead to a liver infection.
HBV is transmitted by coming into contact with bodily fluids during sex, childbirth, etc. Sharing injection needles can also transmit the virus.
Acute or chronic hepatitis B infection can occur. The former is just a short-term infection. The recovery can happen within a few weeks or months without going for therapy.
Small number of those with acute hepatitis B develop chronic hepatitis B, a long-term infection that usually lasts for six months. Liver failure, liver cancer and liver damage can occur in those diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B.
The presence of HBsAg in the blood denotes that you have been infected with the virus and can transmit it to others as well.
HBsAg test is performed if you have been involved in the following situations:
The HBsAg test is performed at a hospital, clinic, or laboratory. Home sample collection facilities are also available. A phlebotomist draws blood from your vein located in your arm using an injection needle.
No specific instructions are to be followed before going for the HBsAg test.
HBsAg cannot be cured but it can be prevented by taking a vaccine.
The absence of hepatitis B surface antigen is shown by a non-reactive test.
Reactive testing, on the other hand, shows the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen. The test can also be used to monitor its levels. However, it cannot be used to distinguish between the different stages of hepatitis B virus infection. More testing is required to check whether the infection is “acute” or “chronic” hepatitis B.
|RESULT IN mIU||REMARKS||INTERPRETATION|
|Less than 5||Non-Reactive||Indicates absence of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen|
|More than 5||Reactive||Indicates presence of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen|
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