Are you considering to take a sodium test in Delhi, but are not sure about it? Here is all you need to know about the test.
The sodium test is done to check if the sodium levels in the body are too high or too low. The sodium test is also known as a serum sodium test or Na test. Sometimes, the test can be part of a panel test to check the electrolyte levels of the body. Doctors often request a sodium test when they suspect kidney diseases or nervous disorders in the patient.
Sodium is an essential mineral that is required by the body in form of an electrolyte. Sodium not only helps maintain the electrical signaling between the cells, but also helps regulate the fluid balance within the body. Sodium also helps with proper functioning of the nerves and muscles.
The sodium test is often considered to be part of the electrolyte panel, but there are certain symptoms that call for just having the sodium profiling done. This isolated test will help reduce the sodium blood test cost. When doctors request for a sodium test, it is because the patient exhibits the following symptoms:
Doctors prescribe a sodium test when they suspect the patient to have disorders of kidney functioning or adrenal gland functioning. Malnourishment and chronic heart conditions also cause an imbalance in sodium levels. People who were diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver are also requested to include the serum sodium test in their routine checkups.
Having the correct balance of sodium in the body is essential. When the sodium test is conducted, the doctors check for both abnormally high and lower concentrations of sodium in the blood sample. Usually, excess sodium leaves the body via urine or sweating. On a daily basis, the body requires about 3 gm to 6 gm of sodium and the most common form of source for the same is salt.
The sodium test in Kolkata does not involve any risks or side effects, when done correctly. Collection of blood samples is often done via phlebotomy (puncturing of the vein to draw blood). When the phlebotomists are well-trained, they can perform venipuncture with causing the least amount of discomfort or pain to the patient.
The drawing of blood can cause some people to feel dizzy or weak. This can be due to the person having a lower blood count or because they were fasting before the test. If such symptoms are seen, consulting a doctor is advised.
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Normally fasting is not required when a sodium test is conducted. But, if the patient is on medications that can cause the range to be higher or lower than normal, then the doctor should be consulted to take appropriate steps.
If the sodium test results are abnormal, the doctor can prescribe a kidney function test and urine sodium test to further understand the cause of the abnormality in concentration.
On the contrary, a very low level of sodium in the body over a long period can indicate malfunctioning of the kidneys.
If the patient is suffering from high sodium concentration, then simply cutting out salt will not cure the disease. Consult a doctor to take the correct treatment.
Like other electrolytes, sodium levels should be kept within the limit prescribed as the normal range. Sodium concentration in the blood is measured in milliequivalents per liter or mEq/L. The normal range for sodium is determined to be between 135 mEq/L to 145 mEq/L. If the sodium is higher than this range, it gives rise to a condition called Hypernatremia, while lower concentration gives rise to a condition known as Hyponatremia.
|Sodium Concentration||Health Risk|
|135 mEq/L- 145 mEq/L||NORMAL|
|< 135 mEq/L||Hypernatremia|
|> 135 mEq/L||Hyponatremia|
Symptoms of hypernatremia include:
Symptoms of hyponatremia include:
Some medications and food/drink can cause the result to show abnormalities. Medications like laxatives, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, birth control pills, lithium, and excessive salty food and drinks can cause the sodium concentration to be high. On the other hand, medications like diuretics can cause low sodium concentrations.
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